When students skip count, they can easily say the 2's, 5's, and 10's which translates into easy memorization of those particular multiplication facts. Think what would happen if every primary teacher had their students practice skip counting by 3's, 4's, 6's, 7's, 8's and 9's! We would eradicate the

*of memorizing multiplication and division facts.***drill and kill**
Since many of my college students do not know their facts, I gravitate to the Divisibility Rules. Sadly, most have never seen or heard of them. I always begin with dividing by 2 since even numbers are understood by almost everyone. (Never assume a student knows what an even number is as I once had a college student who thought that every digit of a number must be even for the entire number to be even.) We then proceed to the rules for 5 and 10 as most students can skip count by those two numbers.

Here are several examples of finding Digital Root:

**1)**

**123 = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6**. Six is the digital root for the number 123. Since 123 is an odd number, it is not divisible by 6. However, it is still divisible by 3.

**2)**

**132 = 1 + 3 + 2 = 6**. Six is the digital root for the number 132. Since 132 is an even number, it is divisible by 6 and by 3.

**3)**

**198 = 1+ 9 + 8 = 18 = 1 + 8 = 9**. Nine is the digital root for the number 198; so, 198 is divisible by 9 as well as by 3.

**4)**

**201 = 2 + 0 + 1 = 3**. Three is the digital root for the number 201; so, 201 is divisible by 3.

The first time I learned about Digital Root was about eight years ago at a workshop presented by Kim Sutton. (If you have never been to one of her workshops - GO! It is well worth your time.) Anyway, I was beside myself to think I had never learned Digital Root. Oh, the math classes I sat through, and the numbers I tried to divide by are too numerous to mention! It actually gives me a mathematical headache. And to think, not knowing Digital Root was the ROOT of my problem!

A teacher resource on

**Using the Divisibility Rules and Digital Root**is available at Teachers Pay Teachers. If you are interested, just click under the resource cover on your right.
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